History of Railway in the World

History of Railway in the World

The history of the railway in the world consists mainly in fact dated below :


Year Events
1550 The discovery of the first frame of a trolley on rails in a mine in Alsace SWITZERLAND.
1671 The discovery of Denis Papin that steam force pressure will allow the development of the railway.
1738 Collection of wooden rails by British mining iron plates to reduce their wear.
1789 The invention of cast iron rails projecting English WILLIAM JESSOP on which it rolled flanged wheels or pudding.
1804 Construction and testing of the first locomotive in the world by Richard Trevithick hauling five cars loaded with 10 tons of iron.
1808 Construction of a second locomotive more sophisticated than the first.
1823 The founding of the first locomotive manufacturing plant in New Castle by GEORGE ROBERT STEPHENSON.
1825 Inauguration in England of the first railway line in the world for travelers with traction steam engine.
1828 Operation of the line of railway between France and Saint Etienne Andrézieux.
1831 Testing of the first locomotives built in France by engineer MARC SEGUIN.
1835 Inauguration of two railway lines one in Belgium and one in Germany.
1837 Inauguration of a railway line between Paris and Saint-Germain (19 km of track).
1838 Invention of a mail car that gathers or drop off bags of mail running between Birmingham and Liverpool.
1839 Opening of the line from Paris to Versailles and Dutch Railway and Italian Railway.
1840 Use of the telegraph in England to report the movements of trains.
1842 Invention of the so-called "OF STEPHENSON" by the English HOWE which allows to vary the admission of steam into the cylinders of the engine to facilitate changes in operation.
1842 Circulation of the first electric locomotive in the world (with battery) by DAVIDSON.
1842 The French government decided to participate in the financing of the railway network.
1843 Inauguration of two railway lines in France, Paris to Rouen and Paris to Orléans. On this last line stagecoaches crates with their travelers is transported on flat cars: First attempt of combined rail-road.
1847 The commissioning of the first locomotive Crampton designed for speed with great drive axle (over 2.2m) and will meet on many networks.
1851 In the USA, transportation of perishable goods in refrigerated ice-wagon.
1851 Commissioning of the first Ferry in Scotland.
1853 Introduction of railway in India.
1855 Application of VIGNIER device, allowing the mechanical interlock to prevent operator error in signal boxes and signaling.
1857 The French government guarantees loans.
1858 The development of the injector GILLARD to replace the water feed pump on the locomotives.
1859 The commissioning of the first sleeping cars in the USA.
1863 The commissioning of the first dining cars in the USA.
1864 Construction of the first railway line in Indonesia.
1865 First experience of privatization of the Italian railways.
1868 Operation of the first steam locomotive heating heavy oil by the French Sainte Claire Deville.
1869 Invention of the air brake by GEORGE WESTINGHOUSE.
1869 Realization of the rail link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific.
1879 The commissioning of the electric tramway in Berlin built by Siemens and Halske.
1882 Held in Berne of the First International Conference which led to the creation of UIC.
1882 First application of electric lighting in a station in France (Saint-Lazare).
1883 June 5, the opening of the first international luxury train (Orient Express).
1883 First application of automatic block on the network of Midi in France.
1883 The companies fund, the French state reimburses.
1893 Testing a battery locomotive on the North network.
1899 An electric lighting car by a dynamo connected to an axle tested on the Paris-Le Havre line, Paris-Bordeaux-Thouras.
1900 Commissioning of the locomotive Atlantic 220, built in Belfort, by the Alsatian company, with a speed up to 140 km / h.
1907 The commissioning of the first Pacific locomotives in Europe.
1912 Construction of the first diesel locomotive with a power of 1,200 horses in Germany by Sulzer.
1918 Commissioning PO network in France, it is a system of central control train movements (dispatching).
1922 On December 1, the creation of the International Union of Railways (UIC) in Paris.
1929 First facility in the world in Canada of a telephone system available to travelers allowing them to communicate from a moving train.
1931 Testing of Renault and Michelin railcars on wheels that reached 107 km / h in France.
1933 Inauguration of the locomotive Vitry’s testbed.
1933 Commissioning of the first centralized command post in St. Lazare.
1935 A French manufacturer has tried propelled mazout for the market of Indo-China. In addition, it is in Tunisia that when testing speed and endurance made between Tunis and Sfax, the world record speed was recorded.
1937 Exploitation of seven major French networks is entrusted to the French Railways. Commissioning of two 4000 horsepower diesel locomotives on the PLM network.
1947 The commissioning of the first CC locomotive 6001 with an output of 3600 horsepower.
1949 Early attempts to use long bars welded 800 m with rubber soles and elastic ties rails.
1950 First use of electric traction with an industrial single phase 20,000 V.
1952 Inauguration of electric traction of 15,000 V between Paris-Lyon.Commissioning of electric traction in single phase 25000 v50 periods
1954 between Valenciennes and Charleville.
1955 World speed record for electric locomotives CC 7107 and BB 9004 with 331 km / h.
1961 Testing of cargo trains in the United States starting load 25000T with 6 locomotives located on front, in the middle, and in tail with a Radio Telephone
1969 Creating fast trains Palatino (Rome-Paris) and Puerta Del Sol (Paris-Madrid).
1969 On February 9, the commissioning of the mistral comfort.
1970 Start of construction of the new high speed line Rome-Florence. Creation of the first train service automotive gas turbine on the line Paris-Coen-Cherbourg.
1971 Launch of automatic driving tests scheduled on the Paris suburbs.
1972 On September 29, the French train TGV001 gas turbine reached a speed of 307 km / h and a world record for the autonomous traction.
1974 Designed by French engineer JEAN Bertin, train hovercraft beats the world record speed of a land vehicle on an air cushion. It reached an average speed of 417.6 km / h and even makes a point to 430 km / h. "The wingless flight" as it is called its creator is powered by a jet engine airliner. It is designed to make quick routes like Paris-Orleans, Orly or Roissy-La Défense-Cergy. The arrival of the TGV will sign the death warrant of the Sky Train and prototypes will be abandoned on the basis of Orleans.
1981 Commissioning the TGV
1994 Opening of the Channel tunnel that will allow Eurostar historic crossing.
2004 Launch of the new generation of regional express trains (TER) by Bombardier Transportation Company also features the Diesel technology for use on non-electrified lines, as the electrical transmission.

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