History of Railway in the World

The history of the railway in the world consists mainly in fact dated below :


1550The discovery of the first frame of a trolley on rails in a mine in Alsace SWITZERLAND.
1671The discovery of Denis Papin that steam force pressure will allow the development of the railway.
1738Collection of wooden rails by British mining iron plates to reduce their wear.
1789The invention of cast iron rails projecting English WILLIAM JESSOP on which it rolled flanged wheels or pudding.
1804Construction and testing of the first locomotive in the world by Richard Trevithick hauling five cars loaded with 10 tons of iron.
1808Construction of a second locomotive more sophisticated than the first.
1823The founding of the first locomotive manufacturing plant in New Castle by GEORGE ROBERT STEPHENSON.
1825Inauguration in England of the first railway line in the world for travelers with traction steam engine.
1828Operation of the line of railway between France and Saint Etienne Andrézieux.
1831Testing of the first locomotives built in France by engineer MARC SEGUIN.
1835Inauguration of two railway lines one in Belgium and one in Germany.
1837Inauguration of a railway line between Paris and Saint-Germain (19 km of track).
1838Invention of a mail car that gathers or drop off bags of mail running between Birmingham and Liverpool.
1839Opening of the line from Paris to Versailles and Dutch Railway and Italian Railway.
1840Use of the telegraph in England to report the movements of trains.
1842Invention of the so-called “OF STEPHENSON” by the English HOWE which allows to vary the admission of steam into the cylinders of the engine to facilitate changes in operation.
1842Circulation of the first electric locomotive in the world (with battery) by DAVIDSON.
1842The French government decided to participate in the financing of the railway network.
1843Inauguration of two railway lines in France, Paris to Rouen and Paris to Orléans. On this last line stagecoaches crates with their travelers is transported on flat cars: First attempt of combined rail-road.
1847The commissioning of the first locomotive Crampton designed for speed with great drive axle (over 2.2m) and will meet on many networks.
1851In the USA, transportation of perishable goods in refrigerated ice-wagon.
1851Commissioning of the first Ferry in Scotland.
1853Introduction of railway in India.
1855Application of VIGNIER device, allowing the mechanical interlock to prevent operator error in signal boxes and signaling.
1857The French government guarantees loans.
1858The development of the injector GILLARD to replace the water feed pump on the locomotives.
1859The commissioning of the first sleeping cars in the USA.
1863The commissioning of the first dining cars in the USA.
1864Construction of the first railway line in Indonesia.
1865First experience of privatization of the Italian railways.
1868Operation of the first steam locomotive heating heavy oil by the French Sainte Claire Deville.
1869Invention of the air brake by GEORGE WESTINGHOUSE.
1869Realization of the rail link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific.
1879The commissioning of the electric tramway in Berlin built by Siemens and Halske.
1882Held in Berne of the First International Conference which led to the creation of UIC.
1882First application of electric lighting in a station in France (Saint-Lazare).
1883June 5, the opening of the first international luxury train (Orient Express).
1883First application of automatic block on the network of Midi in France.
1883The companies fund, the French state reimburses.
1893Testing a battery locomotive on the North network.
1899An electric lighting car by a dynamo connected to an axle tested on the Paris-Le Havre line, Paris-Bordeaux-Thouras.
1900Commissioning of the locomotive Atlantic 220, built in Belfort, by the Alsatian company, with a speed up to 140 km / h.
1907The commissioning of the first Pacific locomotives in Europe.
1912Construction of the first diesel locomotive with a power of 1,200 horses in Germany by Sulzer.
1918Commissioning PO network in France, it is a system of central control train movements (dispatching).
1922On December 1, the creation of the International Union of Railways (UIC) in Paris.
1929First facility in the world in Canada of a telephone system available to travelers allowing them to communicate from a moving train.
1931Testing of Renault and Michelin railcars on wheels that reached 107 km / h in France.
1933Inauguration of the locomotive Vitry’s testbed.
1933Commissioning of the first centralized command post in St. Lazare.
1935A French manufacturer has tried propelled mazout for the market of Indo-China. In addition, it is in Tunisia that when testing speed and endurance made between Tunis and Sfax, the world record speed was recorded.
1937Exploitation of seven major French networks is entrusted to the French Railways. Commissioning of two 4000 horsepower diesel locomotives on the PLM network.
1947The commissioning of the first CC locomotive 6001 with an output of 3600 horsepower.
1949Early attempts to use long bars welded 800 m with rubber soles and elastic ties rails.
1950First use of electric traction with an industrial single phase 20,000 V.
1952Inauguration of electric traction of 15,000 V between Paris-Lyon.Commissioning of electric traction in single phase 25000 v50 periods
1954between Valenciennes and Charleville.
1955World speed record for electric locomotives CC 7107 and BB 9004 with 331 km / h.
1961Testing of cargo trains in the United States starting load 25000T with 6 locomotives located on front, in the middle, and in tail with a Radio Telephone
1969Creating fast trains Palatino (Rome-Paris) and Puerta Del Sol (Paris-Madrid).
1969On February 9, the commissioning of the mistral comfort.
1970Start of construction of the new high speed line Rome-Florence. Creation of the first train service automotive gas turbine on the line Paris-Coen-Cherbourg.
1971Launch of automatic driving tests scheduled on the Paris suburbs.
1972On September 29, the French train TGV001 gas turbine reached a speed of 307 km / h and a world record for the autonomous traction.
1974Designed by French engineer JEAN Bertin, train hovercraft beats the world record speed of a land vehicle on an air cushion. It reached an average speed of 417.6 km / h and even makes a point to 430 km / h. “The wingless flight” as it is called its creator is powered by a jet engine airliner. It is designed to make quick routes like Paris-Orleans, Orly or Roissy-La Défense-Cergy. The arrival of the TGV will sign the death warrant of the Sky Train and prototypes will be abandoned on the basis of Orleans.
1981Commissioning the TGV
1994Opening of the Channel tunnel that will allow Eurostar historic crossing.
2004Launch of the new generation of regional express trains (TER) by Bombardier Transportation Company also features the Diesel technology for use on non-electrified lines, as the electrical transmission.